UNAR is the Italian Office against Racial Discrimination. Operating since November 2004 with the purpose of promoting equal treatment and removing all forms of racial and ethnic discrimination,
UNAR monitors the impact of discrimination on men and women as well as explores the relationship with other forms of discrimination, such as those based on culture or religion.
UNAR was created by a Legislative Decree, number 225 on 9 July 2003, as part of the European Directive 2000/43/CE, to promote the principle of equal treatment of individuals, independently of their race or ethnic origin. UNAR has become an institutional point of reference for the acknowledgement and understanding of the rights of immigrants as well as a catalyst for those individuals, associations and local agencies who work on a daily basis to stem racial discrimination. Since 2011 UNAR is the National Contact Point for social inclusion of Roma people. The office was founded in order to translate the new legislative ordinances and legal instruments adopted by Italy to protect the rights of immigrants and ethnic minorities through the delivery of concrete operational responses which meet the requirements of social inclusion for foreign communities to eliminate every form of harassment or discrimination, direct or indirect, based upon ethnicity, race, religion or culture. The interventions put in place by UNAR have gone beyond providing free legal assistance to the victims of discrimination. They identify and break down, wherever possible, the structural factors of discrimination. By altering the system it promotes collaboration, bringing together local and national levels, to promote a significant cultural change.
|Employment||Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Disability, Age|
|Education||Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability|
|Housing||Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability|
|Social Protection & Healthcare||Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability|
|Goods and Services||Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability|
|Other||Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability|
Standalone dedicated national equality body
|Number of cases handled||1663||1210||2022||2305||1476||823|
|Number of inquiries||1994||1284||2177||2473||1552||909|
|Number of litigation cases|
Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
1 Director General
A working group made up of 8 permanent staff members of public administrations, holding a management position and competent on specific issues (complaints, hate crimes, awareness raising) and 30 external experts working on specific issues, grounds of discrimination or projects (European Social Fund initiatives, Roma
issues, territorial antennas, communication).
Specific desk officers in outsourcing, offering help for specific areas (Roma complaints, discrimination cases on the grounds of disability, LGBT and age)
UNAR was set up within the Department for Equal Opportunities under the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, article 7 of Legislative Decree 215/2003 pursuant to European Council Directive 2000/43/EC. The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs is the competent political authority for the Department of Equal Opportunities, while the Ministry of Cooperation and Integration is the political reference for the work of UNAR as the National Contact Point on Roma.
This institution does not have regional officies.
National Parliament, National Ministry
|Number of staff members working on equality||27||18|
|Operating budget in euros [ACTUAL]||203567||203567||203567||203567||203567||203567|
|Operating budget in euros [ALLOCATED]||203567||203567||203567||203567||203567||203567|
|Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions) [ACTUAL]|
|Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions) [ALLOCATED]|