The Ombudsman for Equality is an independent authority whose main duty is to supervise compliance with the Act on Equality between Women and Men. The Ombudsman has power on matters related to gender, gender identity, and gender expression. The powers of the Ombudsman consist of both combating discrimination and promoting equality. The Ombudsman carries out his tasks primarily by providing guidance and advice.
The Ombudsman for Equality and the Office of the Ombudsman were established on January 1st, 1987, by the Act on the Ombudsman for Equality and the Equality Board. The Act on Equality between Women and Men came into force at the same time.
In 2001 the administration of equality issues was reorganised in Finland and the personnel of the Ombudsman’s Office was divided between two units, the Office of the Ombudsman and the Gender Equality Unit, which is a unit of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. Until January 1, 2015, the Ombudsman was administratively located within the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.
The Act on Equality between Men and Women has been amended several times and the amendments have brought up new duties to the Ombudsman. Since the amendment of the Act in 2005 the Act has been interpreted to cover also discrimination faced by gender minorities.
The Ombudsman for Equality is fully independent while performing her legislative duties. Since January 1, 2015, the Ombudsman has been administratively located under the administrative branch of the Ministry of Justice.
Representing victims of discrimination before the courts
|Employment||Gender, Gender Identity|
|Education||Gender, Gender Identity|
|Goods and Services||Gender, Gender Identity|
|Housing||Gender, Gender Identity|
|Social Protection & Healthcare||Gender, Gender Identity|
|Other||Gender, Gender Identity|
Standalone dedicated national equality body
|Number of cases handled||165||112||138||274||188||220|
|Number of inquiries||301||251||361||550||405||400|
|Number of litigation cases|
Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
The Ombudsman is fully independent and impartial authority while performing her legislative duties but is administratively located under the administrative branch of the Ministry of Justice.
The staff of the Office of the Ombudsman for Equality is appointed by the Ombudsman for Equality. The Ombudsman is appointed by the Council of State.
This institution does not have regional officies.
National Parliament, National Ministry
|Number of staff members working on equality||10||10||9||10||11|
|Operating budget in euros [ACTUAL]||1017000||1206000||995000||960000||972000||970000|
|Operating budget in euros [ALLOCATED]||1017000||1206000||995000||960000||972000||970000|
|Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions) [ACTUAL]|
|Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions) [ALLOCATED]|