the institution is independent and employs individuals who are well-rounded in legal and human rights matters.
victims of discrimination or human rights violation(s) are at the epicentre of the institution’s works
we strive for continuous improvement of our knowledge, skills and experience in European and international human rights law so as to provide the best possible protection to individuals but also to help raise awareness in this area
the people’s views and complaints are valuable to the effective exercise of the institution’s competences and to the bringing about of the social change needed within a democratic society.
* by institution, in this sense, we refer to the Cyprus Ombudsman with emphasis on its human rights and anti-discrimination, rather than its maladministration, related competences.
The Office of the Commissioner for Administration (Cyprus Ombudsman) was established in 1991 by the enactment of the Commissioner for Administration Laws following approval by the House of Parliament. Since these laws have undergone a number of amendments but remain in force with regard to the competences of the Commissioner as an independent authority, responsible to deal with issues of maladministration, misbehaviour and human rights violations by state authorities or public officers. In 2004, following the accession of Cyprus into the EU and as a result of the incorporation of Directives 2000/78/EC and 2000/43/EC into Cyprus law (Law 42 (I)/2004) the mandate of the Ombudsman was expanded so as to include competences for combating discrimination and promoting equality under the directives. This Law led to the establishment of the Equality Body. In 2009, following the ratification of the Optional Protocol of the UN Convention against Torture by the enactment of Law 2 (III) /2009, the competences of the National Mechanism for the Prevention of Torture (NPM) were added to the existing competences of the institution. In 2011, the Commissioner for Administration Laws were amended and the institution was renamed “Commissioner for Administration and the Protection of Human Rights” and vested with broader functions in the area of protecting, promoting and guaranteeing human rights as National Institution for Human Rights (NHRI) in line with the Paris Principles. In 2012, following the ratification of the UN Convention for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) by the Republic of Cyprus and a relevant Council of Ministers Decision, the Office was appointed independent mechanism for the protection, promotion and monitoring of the implementation of the Convention, in accordance with article 33 (2) of the UN Convention and the Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of PwD was established. In the framework of harmonisation with Directive 2008/115/EC and following a relevant Council of Ministers Decision dated 4 December 2012, the Commissioner for Administration and the Protection of Human Rights, in 2018, has started acting as a Mechanism for the Monitoring of the Procedures of Forced Returns of third-country Nationals.
Defending own legally binding decision before the courts, Amicus curiae brief or similar
|Employment||Gender, Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability, Other Grounds|
|Education||Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability, Other Grounds|
|Housing||Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability, Other Grounds|
|Goods and Services||Gender, Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability, Other Grounds|
|Social Protection & Healthcare||Sexual Orientation, Race and Ethnic Origin, Religion or Belief, Age, Disability, Other Grounds|
|Number of cases handled||136||120||136||138|
|Number of inquiries||136||120||136||138|
|Number of litigation cases|
Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
The Ombudsman is appointed by the President of the Republic, following a recommendation of the Council of Ministers and a majority decision of the House of Parliament. The Ombudsman must be a citizen of the Republic, over 35 years old, with a high level of education, experience and integrity. The Ombudsman’s term of Office is 6 years and may be renewed. The institution’s personnel is appointed in accordance with the Public Service Laws.
|Number of staff members working on equality||10||10||10||10||10||10||12|
|Operating budget in euros [ACTUAL]|
|Operating budget in euros [ALLOCATED]||2111150||1823360||1896140||1958260||1988240||2409280|
|Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions) [ACTUAL]||379246|
|Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions) [ALLOCATED]||379246|
This institution does not have regional officies.
National Parliament, Head of State, National Audit Institution