Written by Prof. Ian Law, Dr Amina Easat-Daas and Prof. S. Sayyid, the overall aim of the Toolkit is to compare the operation of counter-narratives to Islamophobia in eight European Union member states (Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Portugal and United Kingdom) in order to examine their use and
effectiveness in terms of providing alternatives to prevailing narratives of Islamophobia. This addresses the need for a deeper understanding and awareness of the range and operation of counter-narratives to Islamophobia across the EU, and the lack of a systematic categorisation and ranking of these two types of narratives across Europe.
In particular the paper examines:
The results are based on fieldwork with 272 politicians and policymakers, NGOs and activists, and media, arts and academic professionals and textual data from political, policy, media and NGO discourse, and digital data from social media platforms.
Ten Dominant Narratives of Islamophobia
Ten Dominant Counter-Narratives to Islamophobia