The study by Dr. Anne-Luise Baumann, Vera Egenberger, Dr. Linda Supik looked at 20 repeat surveys that complied with predetermined selection criteria (nation-wide survey, clearly defined population, repeated conduct, coverage of diverse settings). The surveys were first analysed to determine what questions are asked about discrimination (e.g. questions about subjective discrimination experiences).
Second, the study documented whether and how the characteristics protected under the AGG were covered. The status of data surveys and the potential to take them further were discussed in two focus groups with civil society representatives and social scientists. Moreover, one-off target group interviews and international surveys were scanned for innovative questions.
Most surveys already include questions asking about subjective discrimination experiences or other aspects of discrimination. However, the picture remains patchy:
A mixed picture also emerges when we look at the categories covered by the General Equal Treatment Act – AGG, against which the surveys can be evaluated. The following are some of the findings that invited criticism:
Regarding the consideration of civil society principles for the collection of anti-discrimination and equality data, the following can be stated:
Overall, the authors conclude that discrimination reporting schemes that match the scope of protection laid down in the AGG is not currently possible on this basis.