The Advocate of the Principle of Equality


The Advocate of the Principle of Equality is the slovenian national Equality body and idependent and autonomous state institution with a mandate to prevent and eliminate discrimination. Its main task are related to awareness raising and promotion of equality, support and assistance to victims of discrimination as well as non-binding decision-making with recomendation issuing regarding the reported cases of discrmination on various grounds.  

Brief history

The Advocate of the Principle of Equality was established as an independent and autonomous national equality body in 2016 with the Protection against Discrimination Act. The new Advocate of the Principle of Equality (Head of equality body) was elected in October 2016, by the national parliament, upon the proposal of the President of the Republic, on the basis of the Protection against Discrimination Act (PADA)

Until 2016, The Advocate used to be a special post, not a legal entity and is nominated by the Government for a fixed period of 5 years. The Advocate’s position and mandate is regulated by the Act. The Advocate first operated within the Office for Equal Opportunities (OEO) which was established in February 2001 by the decision of the government (internal organizational act) as a successor of the former Office for women’s policy (originally established in July 1992). OEO’s duties were predominately concerned with policy making in gender mainstreaming. OEO was abolished in April 2012 and its task are now preformed by the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.


Mandate Type

Combined tribunal-type and promotion-type

Litigation power:

  • Representing in front of courts
  • Bringing proceedings in own name
  • Intervening before the court
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) legally binding
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) Not legally binding
  • The Advocate has a mix of quasy judicial and promotional duties, i.e. can support vicims in legal proceedings with remedies (counseling), or can provide guidance to prevent and dismantle discrimination.


2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups ( e.g. through trainings )
Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)
Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)
Recommendations on discrimination issues
Publications and reports
Research projects (including surveys)

Our institution has a mandate to deal with:

  • Violence against women
  • UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
  • Hate crime
  • Hate speech
  • not specific mandate, but when it overlaps with discrimination, the Advocate can deal with these, and has also a general duty to report crimes. Some of the issues are also dealt with by promotional activities.

Other statistics:

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)6694756551
Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)
Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social media51555


  • Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)

Management details

2 members of staff

The institution Advocate of the Principle of Equality is currently being run by eponyomus person. In the office there are also two other persons employed who are taking care for the legal businesses.

Number of staff dealing with equality issues

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

Grounds and fields of discrimination covered by the equality body

Grounds / Fields Employment Education Housing Social Protection & Healthcare Goods and Services Other
Gender Identity
Race and Ethnic Origin
Sexual Orientation
Religion & Belief
Other grounds:

Gender Expression, Social Status, Property Status, Other

Mandate covers:

  • Public sector
  • Private sector

We are accountable to

  • National Parliament
  • and the Government (Annual report)