Profiling practices raises a number of fundamental rights concerns and risks violating well-established legal principles including equality and non-discrimination, and the rights to respect for private life and data protection. In response to these concerns, the FRA published the guide ”Towards more effective policing, Understanding and preventing discriminatory ethnic profiling”, in 2010.
Since then, technological developments have changed the nature of profiling considerably. Much profiling is now based on the results of computer analysis of large data sets. On the legal side, the reformed – stricter – data protection rules applying across the EU from May 2018 set new standards for the collection, analysis and use of personal data.
This updated guide takes account of these significant changes to build on and expand the 2010 guide to reflect the new legal and practical realities. It takes a more
comprehensive approach to unlawful profiling by incorporating:
This 2018 version also contains new examples and case studies to reflect developments and innovations concerning profiling. Read the report here.