Commission for Equality in Labour and Employment

Overview:

The Commission for Equality in Labour and Employment (CITE) is the Portuguese Gender Equality national body that deals with gender equality and non-discrimination in the labour market. 
CITE is a tripartite and equilateral body.
CITE’s mission is to pursue:
• Equality and non-discrimination between women and men in labour, in employment and vocational training;
• Protection of parentality (maternity, paternity and adoption);
• Reconciliation of professional, personal and family life.

Brief history

The Commission for Equality in Labour and Employment (CITE) was established on July 1979, on the basis of a government decision with the support of the social partners. CITE, is a Portuguese equality entity with a tripartite and equilateral composition, having 4 members from the State, 4 members from the trade union confederations (CGTP-IN e UGT) and 4 members of the employers’ confederations (CCP, CIP, CAP e CTP), whose mission is the promotion and monitoring of social dialogue on gender equality, amongst other areas.
The Commission for Equality in Labour and Employment (CITE) objectives are to pursue:
• Equality and non-discrimination between women and men in labour, in employment and vocational training;
• Protection of parentality (maternity, paternity and adoption);
• Reconciliation of professional, personal and family life.
• Legal service face-to-face;
• Legal support in writing;
• Legal service by helpline;

Mandate Type

Predominantly promotion-type and legal support body

Litigation power:

  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) legally binding
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) Not legally binding

Activities

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups ( e.g. through trainings )
Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)
Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)
Recommendations on discrimination issues
Publications and reports
Research projects (including surveys)

Our institution has a mandate to deal with:

  • Gender equality in the labour, employment and vocational training

Other statistics:

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)36114006353838454280407544354790
Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)286352365504672714715781772
Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social media133659

Management

  • Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
  • Collegiate headed equality body (led by a distinct board/commission)
  • Combined (CITE is led by a president and has a board that meets once a month, or exceptionally by the initiative of the Presidency or by request of a third of its Members)

Management details

Combined (CITE is led by a president and has a board that meets once a month, or exceptionally by the initiative of the Presidency or by request of a third of its Members)

CITE is a combined mechanism as its structure is between a single headed equality body and a collegiate-headed body. 
CITE has a President and a vice-president nominated by the minister responsible for the area of Employment.
CITE has also a Board with 12 members. Members of the Board are nominated by the government and by the social partners.
CITE has a tripartite and equilateral composition.

Additional details

CITE is a service of public administration, which under the organic of the Ministry of Labou, Solidarity and Social Security is identified as “other structures”. Having legal personality but no financial autonomy, CITE’s budget is provided by Instituto do Emprego e Formação Profissional (IEFP) which provides also the technical and administrative support.

Procedure for nomination and appointment of management and board

CITE’s President and Vice-President are appointed by the Minister responsible for the area of Employment, following the selection procedures of the vacancy notice for these posts.
CITE’s Board has 12 members, which are nominated by the government and by the social partners.

Number of staff dealing with equality issues

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
141518222225272128

Grounds and fields of discrimination covered by the equality body

Grounds / Fields Employment Education Housing Social Protection & Healthcare Goods and Services Other
Gender
Gender Identity
Race and Ethnic Origin
Age
Disability
Sexual Orientation
Religion & Belief

Mandate covers:

  • Public sector
  • Private sector

Operating budget in euros

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
7500006750006412505840138386161043165831466451198525893609462

Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
7500006750006412505840138386161043165831466451198525893609462

We are accountable to

  • National Ministry