The Hungarian Equal Treatment Authority is an autonomous administrative body which safeguards the values embraced by the so called equality directives. The Act CXXV of 2003 on Equal Treatment and Promotion of Equal Opportunities (the general Hungarian anti-discrimination act; hereinafter the Ebktv., following the Hungarian abbreviation) came into force on 27 January 2004. The Hungarian Equal Treatment Authority (hereinafter: the Authority) has been working since 1 February 2005. According to the Ebktv. the Authority is an autonomous administrative body from 1 January 2012. The Authority is independent, subject only to the law, cannot be instructed relating to the performance of its duties, and carries out its duties independently from other public authorities, without any external influence. All of the Authority’s duties shall be provided for by law. The financial independence of the Authority became completed on 1 January 2013 by inserting the following provision into the Ebktv.: the Authority is a central budgetary agency invested with a managing body’s legal status. The budget of the Authority constitutes a separate title within the budget chapter of the Parliament. Basically, the Authority pursues proceedings at the request of the injured party or on its own motion (ex officio) in order to investigate whether the principle of equal treatment has been violated or not. Beside that the scope of the Authority covers inter alia the following. The Authority pursuant to the right of actio popularis, may initiate a lawsuit with a view to protecting the rights of persons and groups whose rights have been violated; shall make proposals concerning governmental decisions and legislation pertaining to equal treatment; shall regularly inform the public and the Government about the situation concerning the enforcement of equal treatment; shall continually provide information to those concerned and provide assistance in acting against violations of equal treatment; shall assist in the preparation of governmental reports to international organisations, particularly to the Council of Europe concerning the principle of equal treatment; shall assist in the preparation of the reports for the Commission of the European Union concerning the harmonisation of directives on equal treatment.
Date of establishment: February 2005
Mode of establishment:
Predominantly tribunal-type (quasi-judicial) body
|Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups ( e.g. through trainings )|
|Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)|
|Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)|
|Recommendations on discrimination issues|
|Publications and reports|
|Research projects (including surveys)|
|Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)||1300||1000||2738||1496||1005||884|
|Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)||377||359||822||589||432||407|
|Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social media||167||200||805||2581||1120||958|
The Authority is led by its President, who is appointed by the President of the Republic for 9 years.
The Authority is an independent (autonomous) administrative organisation.
|Grounds / Fields||Employment||Education||Housing||Social Protection & Healthcare||Goods and Services||Other|
|Race and Ethnic Origin|
|Religion & Belief|
skin colour, mother tongue, state of health, political or other opinion, family status, motherhood (pregnancy) or fatherhood, social origin, financial status, part-time status or fixed-term of the employment relationship, membership in an interest representation organisation, any other status, feature or attribute