Equal Treatment Authority

Overview:

The Hungarian Equal Treatment Authority is an autonomous administrative body which safeguards the values embraced by the so called equality directives. The Act CXXV of 2003 on Equal Treatment and Promotion of Equal Opportunities (the general Hungarian anti-discrimination act; hereinafter the Ebktv., following the Hungarian abbreviation) came into force on 27 January 2004. The Hungarian Equal Treatment Authority (hereinafter: the Authority) has been working since 1 February 2005. According to the Ebktv. the Authority is an autonomous administrative body from 1 January 2012. The Authority is independent, subject only to the law, cannot be instructed relating to the performance of its duties, and carries out its duties independently from other public authorities, without any external influence. All of the Authority’s duties shall be provided for by law. The financial independence of the Authority became completed on 1 January 2013 by inserting the following provision into the Ebktv.: the Authority is a central budgetary agency invested with a managing body’s legal status. The budget of the Authority constitutes a separate title within the budget chapter of the Parliament. Basically, the Authority pursues proceedings at the request of the injured party or on its own motion (ex officio) in order to investigate whether the principle of equal treatment has been violated or not. Beside that the scope of the Authority covers inter alia the following. The Authority pursuant to the right of actio popularis, may initiate a lawsuit with a view to protecting the rights of persons and groups whose rights have been violated; shall make proposals concerning governmental decisions and legislation pertaining to equal treatment; shall regularly inform the public and the Government about the situation concerning the enforcement of equal treatment; shall continually provide information to those concerned and provide assistance in acting against violations of equal treatment; shall assist in the preparation of governmental reports to international organisations, particularly to the Council of Europe concerning the principle of equal treatment; shall assist in the preparation of the reports for the Commission of the European Union concerning the harmonisation of directives on equal treatment.

Brief history

Date of establishment: February 2005
Mode of establishment:

  • By Act CXXV of 2003 on equal treatment and the promotion of equal opportunities;
  • By the Government Decree No 362/2004 (XII.26.) on the Equal Treatment Authority and the detailed regulation of its procedure.
    Status: independent (autonomous) administrative organization, which was set up to receive and deal with individual and public complaints on unequal treatment and to implement the principles of equality and non discrimination.

Mandate Type

Predominantly tribunal-type (quasi-judicial) body

Litigation power:

  • Bringing proceedings in own name
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) legally binding

Activities

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups ( e.g. through trainings )
Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)
Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)
Recommendations on discrimination issues
Publications and reports
Research projects (including surveys)

Other statistics:

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)13001000273814961005884
Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)377359822589432407
Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social media16720080525811120958

Management

  • Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)

Management details

The Authority is led by its President, who is appointed by the President of the Republic for 9 years.

Additional details

The Authority is an independent (autonomous) administrative organisation.

Number of staff dealing with equality issues

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1311810910

Grounds and fields of discrimination covered by the equality body

Grounds / Fields Employment Education Housing Social Protection & Healthcare Goods and Services Other
Gender
Gender Identity
Race and Ethnic Origin
Age
Disability
Sexual Orientation
Religion & Belief
Other grounds:

skin colour, mother tongue, state of health, political or other opinion, family status, motherhood (pregnancy) or fatherhood, social origin, financial status, part-time status or fixed-term of the employment relationship, membership in an interest representation organisation, any other status, feature or attribute

Mandate covers:

  • Public sector
  • Private sector

We are accountable to

  • National audit institution (i.e. for financial reporting)